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“TVT体育下载”新人教版九年级英语全册知识点全总结,速速收藏!

发布时间:2021-10-25 01:06 作者:TVT体育 点击: 【 字体:

本文摘要:初中英语九年级各单元单词默写(英汉互译),可打印!1How can we become good learners?一、短语:1.have conversation with sb. 同某人谈话2.connect …with… 把…和…毗连/联系起来3.the secret to… ……的秘诀4.be afraid of doing sth./to do sth. 畏惧做某事5.look up 查阅6.repeat out loud 高声跟读7.make mistakes

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初中英语九年级各单元单词默写(英汉互译),可打印!1How can we become good learners?一、短语:1.have conversation with sb. 同某人谈话2.connect …with… 把…和…毗连/联系起来3.the secret to… ……的秘诀4.be afraid of doing sth./to do sth. 畏惧做某事5.look up 查阅6.repeat out loud 高声跟读7.make mistakes in 在……方面犯错误8.get bored 感应厌烦9.be stressed out 焦虑不安的10.pay attention to 注意;关注11.depend on 取决于;依靠12.the ability to do sth. 做某事的能力二、知识点:1. by + doing:通过……方式(by是介词,后面要跟动名词,也就是动词的ing形式);2. a lot:许多,常用于句末;3. aloud, loud与loudly的用法,三个词都与“高声”或“响亮”有关。①aloud是副词,通常放在动词之后。

②loud可作形容词或副词。用作副词时,常与speak, talk, laugh等动词连用,多用于比力级,须放在动词之后。③loudly是副词,与loud同义,有时两者可替换使用,可位于动词之前或之后。

4. not …at all:一点也不,基础不,not经常可以和助动词联合在一起,at all 则放在句尾;5. be / get excited about sth.:对…感应兴奋;6. end up doing sth:终止/竣事做某事;end up with sth.:以…竣事;7. first of all:首先(这个短语可用在作文中,使得文章有条理);8. make mistakes:犯错make a mistake 犯一个错误;9. laugh at sb.:笑话;取笑(某人)(常见短语)10. take notes:做条记/记载;11. native speaker 说本国语的人;12. make up:组成、组成;13. deal with:处置惩罚、应付;14. perhaps = maybe:也许;15. go by:(时间)已往;16.each other:相互;17.regard… as … :把…看作为…;18.change… into…:将…变为…;19. with the help of sb. = with one's help 在某人的资助下(注意介词of和with,容易出题)20. compare … to …:把…比作…compare with拿…和…作比力;21. instead:取代,用在句末,副词;instead of sth / doing sth:取代,而不是 (这个地方考的较多的就是instead of doing sth,也就是说如果of后面跟动词时,要用动名词形式,也就是动词的ing形式)22.Shall we/ I + do sth.? 我们/我…好吗?23. too…to:太…而不能,常用的句型是too+形容词/副词+ to do sth.2I think that moon cakes are delicious!一、短语:1. the Lantern Festival 元宵节2. the Dragon Boat Festival 端午节3. the Water Festival 泼水节4. remind sb. of 使某人想起5. eat five meals a day 一天吃五餐6. put on five pounds 体重增加了五磅7. treat sb. with. 用/以……看待某人8. be similar to... 与.......相似9. end up最终成为/处于10. share sth. with sb. 与……分享……11. as a result效果12. one... the other... (两者中的)一个…另一个…13. take sb. out for dinner 带某人出去用饭14. dress up 乔装妆扮15. haunted house 鬼屋16. the beginning of new life 新生命的开始二、知识点:1.宾语从句:(三大考点:引导词、时态和语序。)宾语从句在复合句中作主句的宾语,由毗连词+主语+谓语组成,常由下面的这些词引导:①由that 引导,表现陈述意义,that可省略:He says (that) he is at home. 他说他在家里。②由if 或whether引导,表现一般疑问意义(带有是否、已否、对否等):I don’t know if / whether Wei Hua likes fish. 我不知道韦华是否喜欢鱼。

③由毗连代词、毗连副词(疑问词)引导,表现特殊疑问意义:Do you know what he wants to buy? 你知道他想要买什么吗?④从句时态要与主句一致:当主句是一般现在时,从句凭据情况使用任何时态;当主句是一般已往时,从句应使用已往某时态(一般已往时,已往举行时,已往未来时,已往完成时)He said (that) he was at home. 他说他在家里。She wanted to know if I had finished m homework.她想要知道我是否已经完成了我的作业。

2.叹息句:叹息句是表达喜、怒、哀、乐以及惊讶、惊讶等强烈情感的句子,通常由 what 或 how 引导。由 what 引导的叹息句,其句子结构可分为以下三种:1.可用句型:“ What + a/an +形容词+可数名词单数(+主语+谓语+其他)!”。如:What a nice present(it is)! (它是)一件何等好的礼物啊!2.可用句型:“ What +形容词+可数名词复数(+主语+谓语+其他)!”。如:What beautiful flowers(they are)! (它们是)何等漂亮的花啊!3.可用句型:“ What +形容词+不行数名词(+主语+谓语+其他)!”。

如:What fine weather(it is today)! (今天)天气多好啊!由how引导的叹息句,其句子结构也分为三种:1.可用句型:“ How +形容词 / 副词(+主语+谓语+其他)!”。如:How careful(she is)! (她)何等细心啊! How fast(he runs)! (他)跑得多快啊!2.可用句型:“ How +形容词+ a/an +可数名词单数(+主语+谓语)!”。如:How beautiful a girl(she is)! (她是个)何等漂亮的女人啊!3.可用句型:“ How+主语+谓语!”。

如:How time flies! 时光似箭!由what与how引导的叹息句有时可以转换,但句中部门单词的顺序要有所变化。如:How beautiful a girl(she is)! = What a beautiful girl(she is)!3Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?一、短语:1.make a telephone call 打电话2. save money 省钱、存钱3. from time to time 时常、有时4. turn red 变红5. take up 开始做6. deal with 敷衍、应付7. go straight 向前直走8. tons of attention 许多关注9. on the beach 在海滩上10. be careful 当心11. hang out 闲逛12. in a way 在某种水平上13. dress up as 妆扮成14. a very small number of… 少少数的…15. be alone 独处16. give a speech 做演讲二、知识点:1. ①问路常用的句子:Do you know where is …? 你知道...在那里吗?Can you tell me how can I get to …? 你能告诉我我如何能到达...吗?Could you tell me how to get to …? 你能告诉我如何到达...吗?②Can/Could/Will/Would you please tell me sth?你能告诉我某事吗?(表现十分客套地询问)③Could you tell me how to get to the park?你能告诉我怎么去公园吗?上面句子中的how to get to the park是疑问词与动词不定式连用,用作宾语,但不是宾语从句,相当于how I can get to the park(宾语从句)。

2.日常外交用语:①take the elevator / escalator to the … floor:乘电梯/自动扶梯到…楼。②turn left / right = take a left / right:向左/ 右转。3.Is that a good place to hang out? 那是一个闲荡的好地方吗?上面句子中的to hang out修饰前面的名词place,是不定式作定语。

4. take a vacation = go on a vacation:去度假。5. prefer是动词,意思是更喜欢、宁愿。

常用的结构有:(1)prefer sth.:更喜欢某事,如I prefer English. 我更喜欢英语。(2)prefer doing/ to do:宁愿做某事,如I prefer sitting/ to sit.我宁愿坐着。

(3)prefer sth to sth.:同…相比更喜欢…,如I prefer dogs to cats. 与猫相比我更喜欢狗。(4)prefer doing to doing:宁愿做某事而不愿做某事,如I prefer walking to sitting. 我宁愿走路也不愿坐着。(5)prefer to do rather than d:宁愿做某事而不愿做某事,如I prefer to work rather than be free. 我宁愿事情而不愿闲着(再次强调一下,prefer的用法真的很重要)。

6.on the other hand:另一方面(一方面:on one hand.,对于这样的短语大家完全可以放在作文中,这样可以使文章增色不少)。7.把…借给某人:lend sb. sth. = lend sth to sb.(反义词:borrow..from..)E.g.Lily lent me her book = Lily lent her book to me . 莉莉把她的书借给了我。8. I'm sorry to do sth.:对做某事我以为很歉仄、伤心。

9.同级比力as…as:as + 形容词/ 副词原级 + as , 表现“和…一样的…”“…和…一样的…”E.g.He works as hard as we. 他事情和我们同样努力。4I used to be afraid of the dark.一、短语:1. be more interested in 对…更感兴趣2. on the swim team 游泳队的队员3. be terrified of 畏惧4. gym class 体操课5. chat with 与…闲聊6. hardly ever 险些从不7. as well as 不光…而且...8.go to sleep 入睡9.be terrified of 畏惧...10.chat with sb. 与某人闲聊11.pay attention to sth. 对…注意、留心12.take pride in sth. 以…而自豪13. walk to school = go to school on foot 步行去上学二、知识点:1. used to do sth.:已往经常做某事 (这个知识点考的许多,大家要注意这个短语的意思)。E.g.He used to play football after school. 他已往经常在放学后踢足球。

2. 反意疑问句:反义疑问句遵循这样一个原则,即前肯定后否认,前否认后肯定。①肯定陈述句+否认提问,如:He is a student, isn't he? 他是一名学生,不是吗?②否认陈述句+肯定提问,如:She doesn't come from China, does she? 她不是来自中国,是吗?③提问部门用代词而不用名词,如:Lily is a teacher, isn't she? 莉莉是一名教师,不是吗?④陈述句中含有否认意义的词,如:little, few, never, nothing, hardly等,其反意疑问句用肯定式(对于第四点大家不要忽视,尤其是枚举的这几个词,出题的时候经常遇到,对于下面的两个例子大家要仔细看一下,要把这个知识点彻底搞懂)。如:He knows little English, does he? 他一点也不懂英语,是吗?They hardly understood it, did they? 他们险些不明确,是吗?3. in the last few years:在已往的几年内,常与完成时连用,如:I have lived in China in the last few years. 在已往的几年内我住在中国。

4. make sb./ sth. + 形容词,如make you happy 让你快乐。make sb./ sth. + 动词原形,如make him laugh 让他笑。5. it seems that +从句:看起来似乎……(重要考点),如:It seems that he has changed a lot. 看起来他似乎改变了许多。

6.fifteen-year-old:作形容词,15岁的,中间的year用的是单数,如a fifteen-year-old boy 一个15岁的男孩。7. can't afford to do sth.:肩负不起做某事,如I can't afford to buy the car. 我买不起这辆车。8. as + 形容词/副词+ as sb+could/can:尽某人的…能力,如:Zhou run as fast as her could/can. 周尽她最快的能力去跑。9. 不定式与疑问词连用:动词不定式可以和what, which, how, where, when 等引导的疑问句连用,组成不定式短语。

如:The question is when to start. 问题是什么时候开始。I don't know where to go. 我不知道去哪。10. spend:动词,表现“花费款项、时间”(spend和pay for它们的主语都是人)。

①spend…on sth.:在某事上花费(款项、时间)(重要考点)。②spend…doing sth.:花费(款项、时间)去做某事 (重要考点,尤其要注意动名词,也就是动词的ing形式,很容易泛起在选择题中),如:He spends too much time on clothes. 他花费太多的时间在衣服上。He spent 3 months building the bridge. 他花费了三个月去建这座桥。

5What are the shirts made of?一、短语:1. everyday things 日常用品2. be made in 在……制造3. environmental protection 情况掩护4. be famous for 以……而著名5. be produced in 在……生产6. be known for 以……闻名7. as far as I know 据我所知8. pick by hand 手工采摘9. send for 发送10. avoid doing sth 制止做某事二、知识点:1. made of:由……制(构)成,后接组成某物质的原料。例:This skirt is made of silk.这件裙子是用丝绸制成的。be made of/from/up of的区别:(1)be made of 表现制成制品后,仍可看出原质料是什么。

保留原质料的质和形状,制作历程仅发生物理变化。例:The kite is made of paper.鹞子是用纸做的。(2)be made from 表现制成的工具完全失去了原质料的外形或特征,或原质料在制作历程中发生化学变化,在制品中已无法辨认。

例:The paper is made from wood.纸是木头做的。Butter is made from milk.黄油是从牛奶中提炼出来的。(3)be made up of表现用……组成或组成的,指人、物皆可,指结组成分。

例:Our class is made up of six groups. 我们班是由六个小组组成的。2. No matter what you may buy, you might think those products were made in those countries.无论你买什么,你都可能认为那些产物是在那些国家生产的。

此句为由no matter +特殊疑问词引导的让步状语从句。意为“无论….”,相当于whatever。例:No matter what I said to her, she still didn’t believe me.无论我对她说什么,她仍然不相信我。3.语态:在英语语言中,语态主要讨论句子主语与行为动词的关系。

语态有两种:主动语态和被动语态。(1)两种语态的观点:①主语是行动的发出者(执行者)为主动语态。如:The tall boy often hits his classmates. (主语boy是谓语动词hit的发出者)。②主语是行动的接受者(蒙受者)为被动语态。

汉语中常用“被”、“给”、“由”、“受”等词用来表现被动,而英语用助动词be + 及物动词的已往分词组成,如:Chinese is spoken by the most people in the world. 中文被世界上的大多数人说(主语Chinese是谓语动词speak的接受者)。(2) 语态与时态的关系:在任何一个英语句子中都同时存在语态时态,他们是分析一个英语句子的两个主要元素,如:① He is looking after his sister at home. 他正在家照顾他的妹妹。

② He is being looked after well by his parents. 他被他的怙恃照顾得很好。说明:我们以前所学的种种时态的结构其实都时主动语态的种种时态结构。

(3)被动语态最基本的句型结构:be +及物动词已往分词说明:①be 有时态,人称和数的变化。②被动语态中的谓语动词必须是及物动词;因为被动句中的主语是行动的蒙受者,某些短语动词如look after, think of, take care of, work out, laugh at等,也可用于被动语态。6When was it invented?一、短语:1. by accident 偶然地;意外地2. without doubt 毫无疑问地;简直3. by mistake 错误地;无意中4. look up to 钦佩;仰慕5. take place 发生;泛起6. all of a sudden 突然;猛地7. divide…into… 把……分成8. the Olympics 奥林匹克运动会9. the style of ……的样式10. since then 自从那以后11.knock into 撞上(某人)12.travel around 周游13.in the sixth century 在第6世纪14.all day 整天15.in the way 这样16.over an open fire 在篝火上二、知识点:1. invent v. 发现、inventor n. 发现家、invention n. 发现,可数名词。

2. be used for doing:用来做…(是被动语态)(这个短语的考点有两点,一是它的意思,二是for后面用动名词)。E.g.Pens are used for writing. 笔是用来写的。3. fall into:落入,掉进 E.g.The leaf fell into the river. 叶子落入了河里。

fall down:摔倒 E.g.She fell down from her bike. 她从她自行车摔倒了。4. quite:很是 adv. 与冠词a连用时,冠词a必须放在它的后面。

E.g.She is quite a beautiful girl 她是一个十分漂亮的女孩。5.. pleased:adj. 兴奋的、满足的。

表现外部因素引起人发自心田的欣慰和愉快;pleasant:adj. 令人愉快的、舒适的。指天气、时间、旅行令人兴奋和愉快;please:v. 使兴奋,使同意。6. battery-operated:adj. 电池控制的,是名词+动词的运动分词组成的合成形容词。

7. have been played:被上演,是现在完成时的被动语态,其结构为:have /has been +已往分词。8. since then:自从那以后,常与完成时态连用。E.g.Since then, I have left Beijing. 自从那以后,我已经脱离了北京。

9. more than = over 凌驾(相比力,more than更重要)。10.被动语态:(1)被动语态表现句子的主语是谓语动词所表现的行动蒙受者。(2)被动语态基本结构:be+及物动词的已往分词(如果是不及物动词,其已往分词应带有相应的介词)。

(3)被动语态中的be 是助动词,有人称、数和时态的变化。一般现在时的被动语态为:am/is/are+已往分词;一般已往时的被动语态为:was/were+ 已往分词;与情态动词连用的被动语态:情态动词+ be + 已往分词(关于被动语态,大家一定要熟悉,这个在中考的时候属于必考内容,而且是重点内容)。(4)被动语态中行动的发出者或执行者做介词by的宾语,放在句末,by 表现“由,被”的意思。

为了更清晰、更深刻地明白被动语态的寄义,可以将主动语态和被动语态的句子结构举行比力。主动语态:主语+谓语动词+宾语+其他身分被动语态:主语+be+已往分词+by+宾语+其他身分E.g.Many people speak English. 许多人说英语。E.g.English is spoken by many people. 英语被许多人说。

7Teenagers should be allowed to choose their own clothes.一、短语:1. part-time jobs 兼职事情2. a driver’s license 驾照3. at that age 在谁人年龄4. on school nights 在上学期间的晚上5. clean up清扫6. get in the way of 挡道、故障7. at most 最多8. the other day 前几天9. all my classmates 我所有的同学10. concentrate on 全神贯注于11. be good for 对…有益12. in groups 成群的,按组13. get noisy 喧华14. learn from 向...学习15. at present 现在,现在16. have an opportunity to do 有做……的时机二、知识点:1. allow sb. to do sth.:允许某人做某事,如:Mother allows me to watch TV every night. 妈妈允许我每晚看电视。be allowed to do sth.:被允许做某事(被动语态),如:LiLy is allowed to go to Qinzhou. 莉莉被允许去钦州。2.get sth. done:让/使(别人)做某事,如get myears pierced 穿(我的)耳洞。

3. enough:足够,形容词+enough(这一点比力容易出题),如:beautiful enough 足够漂亮。enough+名词,如:enough food 足够食物4.stop doing sth.:停止正在做的事,如Please stop speaking.请停止说话。

stop to do sth.:停止一件事去做另一件事,如Please stop to speak. 请停下来说话。5.系动词不能独立作谓语,要和表语一起组成谓语。常用的连系动词有:look, feel, be, become, get, turn, smell, taste, stay,kept等。

连系动词除be 和become 等少数词可接名词作表语外,一般都是接形容词。如:He became a doctor two years ago. 他两年前成为了一名医生。She felt very tired. 她感受很累。

6.倒装句:由so+助动词(be/do/will/have)/情态动词+主语,意为:…也是一样。E.g.She is a student. So am I. 她是一个学生,我也是。E.g.She will go to school. So will he. 她将去学校,他也是。

7. yet:仍然、还,常用在否认句或疑问句当中。8.频度副词:always 总是 usually 经常 sometimes 有时 never 从不9.go+v.ing结构:go shopping(去购物), go fishing(去钓鱼), go swimming(去游泳), go boating(去划船), go hiking(去远足)。10. be strict with sb. 对某人严厉; be strict about sth.:对某事要求严格。

11. take the test/exam 到场考试pass the test/exam 通过考试fail(in)a test/exam 考试失败12. agree 同意、赞成反义词 disagree差别意、阻挡 动词agreement 同意、赞成反义词 disagreement 差别意、阻挡 名词13. be serious about doing:对做…认真/严肃(注意about后面用的是动名词),如:She is serious about dancing. 她对跳舞是认真的。be serious about sth.:对...认真,如:She is serious about him. 她对他是认真的。14. success n.乐成 succeed v.乐成 successful adj.乐成的 successfully adv.乐成地15. have + 时间段+off :放假,休息,如:have 2 days off 放假2天。

16. both…and… + 动词复数形式:...和...都...(这是一个很是重要的考点),如:Both Jim and Li Ming play basketball. 吉姆和李明都打篮球。8It must belong to Carla.一、短语:1. belong to属于2. listen to classical music听古典音乐3. go to the concert去听音乐会4. use up 用完5. the final exam 期末考试6. a present for his mother 送给她妈妈的礼物7. run for exercise 跑步磨炼8. catch the bus 赶公交车9. call the police 报警10.an ocean of 极多的、用不尽的二、知识点:1. 情态动词must, may , might, could, may , can't表现推测寄义,后面都接动词原形,都可以表现对现在情况的臆测和推断,但他们寄义有所差别:(1)must:一定,肯定(100%的可能性),如The dictionary must be mine. 这本词典一定是我的。

(2)may, might, could:有可能,也许(20%-80%的可能性),如The CD might/could/may belong to Tony because he likes listening to pop music. 这个光盘也许属于托尼,因为他喜欢听盛行乐。(3)can't:不行能,不会(可能性险些为零),如The hair band can't be Bob's. 这个发带不行能是鲍勃的。2. whose:谁的,是个疑问词,作定语,后面接名词,如:Whose book is this? 这本书是谁的?It is Lily's. 它是莉莉的。

3. if引导的条件状语从句,主句用一般未来时,从句用一般现在时取代未来时,如If you don't hurry up, you'll be late. 如果你不快点,你将会迟到。4. if you have any idea= if you know:如果你知道。5. because of:由于、因为,because of + 名词/代词/名词性短语(这是一个重要的短语),如I had to move because of my job. 因为事情的原因我得搬迁。

6.neighbor:邻人,指人;neighborhood:街区、街坊,指四周的地域。7.当形容词修饰something, anything, nothing, everything等不定代词时,放在这些词的后面(重要,切记),如something strange 奇怪的某物。8. escape from…:从...逃跑出来(常考短语),如He escaped from the burning building. 他从燃烧的修建中逃出来。

9. attempt to do:试图做某事(重要考点),如The boys attempted to leave for Beijing. 男孩子们试图去北京。10.wake 是个动词,意思是叫醒,常用的词组:wake up 醒来、把...叫醒,如Please wake me up at 8 o'clock. 请在8点钟叫醒我。11. look for:寻找,强调找的历程(重要);find:找到,强调找的效果,如I am looking for a pen. 我正在找一支笔。

I found my pen just now. 我刚刚找到了我的笔。12.hear:听到,强调听的效果;listen:听,强调听的历程,如Did you hear ? 你听到了吗?(指听的效果,听到或没听到)I often listen to the music. 我经常听音乐。13.当play指弹奏乐器时,常在乐器前用定冠词the:play the guitar 弹吉他 play the piano 弹钢琴 play the violin 拉小提琴当play指举行球类运动时,则不用定冠词:play football 踢足球 play basketball 打篮球 play baseball 打棒球9I like music that I can dance to.一、短语:1. catch up with 追上,遇上2. different kinds of music 种种差别的音乐3. quiet and gentle songs 轻柔的歌曲4. on display 展览5. her own songs 她自己的歌曲6. be important to 对……重要7. Yellow River 黄河8. Hong Tao’s latest movie 洪涛最近的影戏9. get together 聚在一起10. on display 展览,展出11. come and go 来来往往12.stay away from 远离……13.one of the best known Chinese photographers 世界上最有名的中国摄影家之一二、重点句子:1. I love singers who write their own music. 我喜欢自己创作曲子的歌手。

2. We prefer music that has great lyrics. 我们更喜欢歌词很棒的曲子。3. What do you dislike about this CD. 你不喜欢这张CD的什么?4. What does it remind you of? 它使你想起了什么?5. It does have a few good features, though. 然而,它简直也有一些好的方面。

6. She really has something for everyone. 每小我私家简直都能从她的作品 中意会到一些工具。7. Whatever you do, don’t miss this exhibition. 无论怎样,你都不能错过这次展出。8. As the name suggests, the band has a lot of energy. 正如乐队名字所表示的那样, 这支乐队很有活力。

9. Some people say they are boring, but others say they are great. 有些人说他们很无聊,但也有人说,他们是伟大的。10.I f I were you, I’d eat nuts instead. 如果我是你,我会改吃坚果。三、知识点:1. dance to sth.:随着…跳舞(用的介词是to,这一点要注意),如She likes dancing to the music. 她喜欢随着音乐而跳舞。2. though = although:作连词,翻译成虽然,只管,放在句子中间/句首,不能和but连用,如Though/Although it was very late, he went on working. 虽然很晚了,但他还在事情。

Mr. Smith , though he was young, did it very well. 史女士先生虽然年轻,却做得很好。3. over the years 许多年来,常与现在完成时连用,如Over the years, they've planted many trees on the hills. 多年来他们已在山上种植了许多树。

4. photography n. 摄影;photograph n. 照片;photographer n. 摄影师。5. be in agreement:意见一致,常与介词on /about连用,如They are in agreement on that question. 他们对谁人问题意见一致。6.unfortunately adv. 不幸地;fortunately adv. 幸运地;fortunate adj. 幸运的。

7. remind sb. of sb./sth. 提醒,使…记起…(重要考点,经常考到),如This song reminds him of his mother. 这首歌使他想起了他的妈妈。8.along with:陪同…、同… 一道,如I will go along with you. 我同你一道去。9.be sure to do:一定/肯定要做某事,如It is sure to snow. 肯定要下雪。10.energyn. 活力、精神;energetic adj. 有活力的、精神充沛的。

11. mainly adv. 主要地、首要地;main adj. 主要的。12.fisherman:渔夫,复数形式是 fishermen。13. discuss v. 讨论;discussion n. 讨论。

10You're supposed to shake hands.一、短语:1. shake hands 握手2. for the first time 第一次3. table manners 餐桌礼仪4. drop by 偶然/顺便造访5. after all 究竟,终究6.(in)the wrong way 以错误的方式7. be relaxed about 对……比力随意8. a bit 一点9. make faces 做鬼脸10.point at 指向11. face to face 面临面12.make a toast 敬酒二、重点句子:1. Where I’m from, we’re pretty relaxed about time. 我所在的地方,对时间是相当宽松的。2. Often we just walk around the town center, seeing as many of our friends as we can.我们经常走遍市中心,看尽可能多的朋侪。3. It’s even better than I thought it would be. 事情比我想象的要好得多。4. They go out of their way to make me feel at home. 他们花经心血让我感受不到羁绊。

5. Although I still make lots of mistakes, it doesn’t bother me like it used to.只管我经常出一些错,但它不像已往那样打扰我。三、知识点:1. be supposed to do:应该(注意它的翻译,另外supposed后面用的是不定式to do),如We are supposed to stop smoking. 我们应该停止吸烟。2.You should have asked what you were supposed to wear. 你本应该问清楚怎么样穿才得体。

上句中的“should have asked”是“情态动词+现在完成时”表现已往本应该做某事,事实上没有做。She should have gone to Beijing. 她本应该去了北京。(没有去)3. prettyadv. 相当、十分,如He is pretty friendly. 他相当友好。adj. 漂亮的 如She is a pretty girl.她是一个漂亮的女孩。

4. on time 定时(in time的意思是实时,这两个短语经常泛起在辨析题中)。5. start doing = start to do:开始做某事(start的用法属于常考内容,记着它的这两个用法),如He started reading= He started to read. 他开始阅读。

6. go out of one's way to do:特意/专门做某事,如He went out of his way to make me happy. 他特意使我兴奋。7.下面这些用法大家务必记着,虽然这些用法许多,而且比力容易搞混淆,可是它们确实经常考,大家可以联合例子影象。(第三个用法和第五个用法考的比力多)(1)get/be used to sth.:习惯于……,如I wash clothes everyday. But I'm used to it. 我天天都洗衣服,但我习惯了。

(2)get/be used to doing:习惯于做……,如I am used to washing clothes. 我习惯于洗衣服了。(3)be used to do:被用于做……,如The knives are used to cut things. 小刀被用来切工具。(4)be used for doing:被用于做…,如The knives are used for cutting things. 小刀被用来切工具。(5)used to do:已往经常做…,如She used to watch TV after school. 她已往放学后经常看电视。

8. find/think + it +形容词 to do sth.:发现/认为做某事是怎么样的,如I find it difficult to remember everything. 我发现要记着每一样事是难题的。I think it hard to study English. 我认为学英语是难题的。9. can't stop doing:忍不住做某事,如I can't stop laughing. 我忍不住笑。

10. learn…by oneself:自学(重要用法),如I learn English by my self. 我自学英语。11Sad movies make me cry.一、短语:1. make me sleepy 使我困倦2. drive sb. crazy 使……发狂3. yes and no 优劣参半4. feel left out 感受被忽视5. sleep badly 睡眠很差6. don’t feel like eating 不想吃工具7. for no reason 毫无理由8. neither…nor… 既不……也不……9. let …down 使…失望10. take one’s position 替代我的职位11. to start with 起初12. get the exam result back 取考试结果单13. remain unhappy forever 永远不幸福14. a shirt of a happy person 一件快乐人的衬衫二、知识点:1.would rather意为“宁愿……”,表现句子主语的愿望、选择,后接省去to的不定式,如He’d rather join you in the English Group. 他宁愿加入到你的英语小组中来。如果表现“宁愿(可)……也不愿……”,则用句型would rather…than…。在would rather和than后面所毗连的两个对比部门一般要一致,如The brave soldier would rather die than give in. 谁人勇敢的士兵宁死不屈。

2.使役动词make的用法常见于以下结构:① make+名词(代词)+省略to的动词不定式,如My parents often make me do some other homework. 我怙恃常让我做些其他的作业。这一结构中的不定式短语在主动结构中是宾语补足语,必须省去to,变为被动结构时,不定式短语作主语补足语,这时必须带to,如She was made to work for the night shift. 她不得不上夜班。

②make+名词/代词+-ed分词短语,如What made them so frightened?什么使他们这样畏惧?③make+名词/代词+介词短语或名词短语,如She made him her assistant. 她委派他做自己的助手。④make+名词(代词)+形容词或形容词短语,如The good news made us happy. 这条好消息使我们很兴奋。⑤ make +形式宾语it +形容词或名词(作宾语补足语)+从句(作真正的宾语),如They want to make it clear to the public that they do an important and necessary job.他们要向民众讲明,他们所做的事情不光重要,而且是必不行少的。

3.even though和even if 均可用于引导让步状语从句,其区别是:(1)even if 引导的从句是往往是假设性的,相当于汉语的“纵然”“纵然”“就算”“哪怕”。如:They’ll stand by you even if you don’t succeed. 纵然你不乐成,他们也会支持你。

因为even if从句的内容通常是假设性的,所以有时还可用于虚拟语气;这时even if 与单独使用的if比力靠近。如:Even if he had the money, he wouldn’t buy it. 他纵然有钱也不会买它。

(2)even though引导的从句内容往往是真实的,主要用于引出倒霉用于主句情况的信息,意思是“只管”“虽然”。如:Even though it’s hard work, I enjoy it. 虽然事情艰辛,我还是很喜欢。He’s the best teacher even though he has the least experience. 他只管履历最少,但教得最好。

这样用的even though与though或although的意思比力靠近,许多时候可以交换(注意:英语可以说though和even though,但不能说even although)。如Even though [Thought, Although] I felt sorry for him,I didn’t try to cheer him up. 虽然我为他感应惋惜,但我没有试图使他振作起来。(3)不外,在实际语言运用中,even if与even though有时也可不加区别地混用,如Even if/though she laughs at him, he likes her. 只管她讽刺他,他还是很喜欢她。12Life is full of the unexpected.一、短语:1. leave one’s backpack at home 把背包忘在家里2. get back to school 返回学校3. start teaching 开始教学4. go off 响铃5. rush out the door 冲出房门6. give sb a lift 捎某人一程7. miss both events 错过两个事件8. be about to do sth 正要做某事9. stare in disbelief at 难以置信地盯着。

10. jump out of bed 跳下床11.collect the math homework 收数学作业12.make the apple pie 制作苹果馅饼13.show up 泛起14.add the green beans 加绿豆荚15.complete the work for one’s boss16. raise above the burning building完成老板的事情从正在燃烧的楼上升起二、知识点:1.by the time作连词引导时间状语从句,当从句用一般已往时,主句用已往完成时;当从句用一般现在时,主句用一般未来时或未来完成时。如:(1)By the time I got outside, the bus had already left. 当我出来的时候,公共汽车已经走了。(2)I’ll be in bed by the time you get home. 你抵家时,我已经上床睡觉了。2. 表现“把某物忘在某处”要用词组leave sth in a place。

如:I've left my umbrella at home. 我把伞忘在家里了。forget意为“遗忘某物”,指忘记一件详细的工具,但不能有详细的所在。

如:I forgot my umbrella yesterday. 我昨天忘了带伞。3. above的用法:(1)作介词:在……上面,如:The moon is above the trees now. 月亮现在正位于树梢上。‚在…之上,凌驾,如:They are children above six years old. 他们是六岁以上的孩子。ƒ高于;胜过,如:In the company, Dick ranks above Tom. 在公司里,迪克的职位比汤姆高。

„不屑于,如:He considered himself above doing such things. 他认为自己是不会去做那种事的。(2)作副词:在上面;向上面,如There are snowy peaks above. 上面是白雪皑皑的群峰。‚(级别、数目等)更高;更大;更多,如:Men and women of 18 and above are eligible to vote.年事在十八岁以上的男女有投票表决权。

ƒ在上文,如:See the examples given above. 见上述例子。(3) 作名词:上文;上述事实。如:In addition to all of the above, she won a Prize in 1980. 除上述外,她还在1980年获奖。

4. alive, living与live辨析:(1)alive:在世的、又生气的,主要用作表语(有时可用作后置定语,但不用作前置定语),可用于人或动物。如:He must be still alive. 他一定还在世。

注意:若alive自己有修饰语,则也可用作前置定语。如:He is a really alive student. 他简直是一个十分活跃的学生。

(2)living:活的、现存的,可用作表语或定语,可用来形容人或物。如:Are your grandparents still living? 你的祖怙恃还健在吗?alive 和 living 表现“在世的”,两者寄义很靠近,只要句法适合,有时可交换。

如:Who is the greatest living poet?Who is the greatest poet alive?谁是今世最伟大的诗人?若需严格区分,两者仍有差异:living通常是客观形貌某人“尚在人间”或“健在”,而alive则主要指生与死的“界线”。如:He was still alive when I reached the hospital. 当我赶到医院时他还在世。(3)live:活的、有生命的,通常只用作定语(前置),可用于动物或植物,但一般不用于人。

如:He bought some live fish. 他买了几条活鱼。5. empty的用法:(1)作形容词,表现空的、空闲的,常用表语或定语,此时其反义词是full。如:He took his empty coffee cup back to the counter. 他把空咖啡杯送回到柜台。(2) 作动词,表现排空、倒出,后常接宾语,此时其反义词是fill。

如:He emptied his tool bag. 他腾出自己的工具袋。13We're trying to save the earth!一、短语:1. at the bottom of the river 在河的底部2. be full of the rubbish 充满了垃圾3. throw litter into the river 把垃圾扔入河中4. play a part in 尽一份力...5. land pollution 土地污染6.cut down air pollution 淘汰空气污染7. make a difference 发生影响8.take action 接纳行动9.ride in cars 开车出行10. add up 累加11. use public transportation 使用公共交通12. recycle books and paper 接纳书和废纸13. use paper napkins 使用纸巾14. turn off the shower 关掉喷头15. fill the air with black smoke 使空气中充满了黑烟二、知识点:1.not only...but also...的用法:(1)not only…but also…意为“不仅……而且……”,用于毗连两个表现并列关系的身分,着重强调后者,其中的also有时可以省略。

如:She not only plays well, but also writes music. 她不仅很会演奏,而且还会作曲。He not only writes his own plays, he also acts in them. 他不仅是自编剧本,还饰演其中的角色。He works not only on weekdays but on Sundays as well. 他不仅平时事情,星期日也事情。

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(2)若毗连两个身分作主语,其谓语通常与靠近的主语保持一致,即就近原则。如:Not only you but also he has to leave. 不只是你,他也得脱离。

(3) 若毗连两个句子,not only后面的句子要用倒装,如:Not only did he speak more correctly, but he spoke more easily.他不仅说得更正确,而且讲得更不费劲了。2.take、spend、cost、pay的用法都可以表现“花费”,但用法却不尽相同:(1)spend的主语必须是人,常用于以下结构:spend time /money on sth.:在……上花费时间(款项)。

如:I spent two hours on this maths problem. 这道数学题花了我两个小时。‚spend time /money(in)doing sth.:花费时间(款项)做某事。如:They spent several million(in)building this bridge. 他们花了几百万造这座桥。

ƒspend money for sth.:花钱买…,如:His money was spent for books. 他的钱用来买书了。(2)cost的主语是物或某种运动,还可以表现“值”,常见用法如下:sth. costs(sb.)+款项:某物花了(某人)几多钱。如:A new computer costs a lot of money. 买一台新电脑要花一大笔钱。

‚(doing)sth. costs(sb.)+时间:某物(做某事)花了(某人)几多时间。如:Remembering these new words cost him a lot of time. 记着这些单词花了他大量的时间。

注意:cost的已往式及已往分词都是cost,而且不能用于被动句。(3)take后面常跟双宾语,常见用法有以下几种:It takes sb.+时间+to do sth.:做某事花了某人几多时间。

如:It took them three years to build this road. 修完这条路花了他们三年的时间。‚doing sth. takes sb.+时间:做某事花了某人几多时间。如:Repairing this car took him the whole afternoon. 修这辆车花了他一下午的时间。

(4)pay的基本用法是:pay(sb.)money for sth.:付钱(给某人)买……,如:I have to pay them 20 pounds for this room each month. 我每个月要付20英磅的房租给他们。‚pay for sth.:付……的钱,如:I have to pay for the lost book. 我不得不赔丢失的书款。

ƒpay for sb.:替某人付钱,如:Don’t worry!I'll pay for you. 别担忧,我会给你付钱的。„pay sb.:付钱给某人,如:They pay us every month.他们每月给我们酬劳。

…pay money back:还钱,如:May I borrow 12 yuan from you? I'll pay it back next week. 你能借给我12块钱吗?下周还你。†pay off one's money:把钱还清。3. work的用法:(1)作名词:不行数,表现事情;劳动;作业;作业等。如:It takes a lot of work to dig a deep well. 挖一口深井很费事。

I have to bring my work home today. 今天我得把事情带回家做。‚作可数名词,表现作品。如:He is making a study of William Faulkner's works. 他在研究威廉•福克纳的作品。

ƒ作不及物动词:1.表现事情、劳动、干活(+at/on),如:She works in a restaurant.她在一家饭馆事情。2.表现(机械等)运转、运动,如:The machine doesn’t work. 这个机械不运转了。3.表现起作用、行得通,如:Your suggestion works well. 你的建议很有效。14I remember meeting all of you in Grade 7.一、短语:1. win a prize 获奖2. do a school survey 做一个学校观察3. meet this group of friends 遇到这群朋侪4.score two goals in a row 一连踢进两个球5. learn to play the keyboard 学会弹钢琴6. be patient with 对……有耐心7. work out the answer yourself 自己算出谜底8. guide sb to do sth 指导某人做某事9. put in more effort 越发努力10. look back at 回首11. pride of overcoming fear 克服恐惧感的自豪12.make a great big mess 弄得一团糟13. keep my cool (我)保持岑寂14.get a business degree 取得一个商业学位15. try to be on time for morning reading16.meet the standard of a strict teacher努力遇上早读 满足一位严厉的老师的要求二、知识点:1.set的用法:(1)set about sth./doing sth.:着手做某事。

如:We set about our task at once with great enthusiasm.我们以极大的热情立刻着手这项任务。(2) set aside:放在一边,弃捐;存蓄,留下。如:My parents set aside a bit of money every month.我的怙恃每个月都存点钱。(3) set off:动身,出发; 燃放(鞭炮等),使……爆炸或发出响声,如:After we had finished eating, he proposed to set off immediately.我们吃完饭后,他建议立刻动身。

(4)set out:动身,出发;set out to do sth.:计划或着手做某事,如:They set out as the sun was rising. 太阳升起时,他们就出发了。(5)set up:竖起来,支起来;建设,建立,如:The school has set up a special class to help slow students.学校建立了一个特殊的班级,资助那些后进生。

2. no matter常与疑问代词或疑问副词一起组成连词词组引导让步状语从句,意为“不管…,无论…”,在运用时应注意以下几点:(1)注意从句的时态:由no matter what/who/where/when引导的从句往往用一般现在时或一般已往时。如:No matter who you are, you must obey the rules. 无论你是谁,都应该遵守规则。

(2)注意被修饰的名词、形容词以及副词的位置:no matter what/whose/which修饰名词时,该名词必须紧跟其后;no matter how修饰形容词或副词时,该形容词或副词也必须紧跟其后。如:No matter how hard he works, he find it difficult to make ends meet. 无论他何等努力事情,却总是入不够出。

(3)注意“no matter+疑问词”结构与“疑问词+ever”在用法上的区别:“no matter+疑问词”结构只能引导让步状语从句,这时可以和“疑问词+ever”交换。如:No matter where he may be(=Wherever he may be), he will be happy. 他无论在什么地方都快乐。‚而“疑问词+ever”还可以引导名词性从句。

如:Give this book to whoever likes it. 谁喜欢这本书就给谁吧。(这里不能用no matter who。)ƒwhoever既可引导名词性从句,又有在从句中作主语、宾语、表语等;whomever也可引导名词性从句,但只能在从句中作宾语。如:You may invite whomever you like. 你可以邀请任何你喜欢的人。

„whatever表现“无论什么”,没有一定的规模限制;whichever表现“无论哪一个、无论哪些”,其后可接一个名词。3. double的用法:(1)用作限定词的用法:double用作限定词时,意为“两倍”,是前位限定词,其用法与其他前位限定词(如倍数词、分数词、以及 all, both, half等)的用法一样,不仅要放在所有形容词的前面,而且要放在中位限定词(如冠词、指示代词、物主代词等)和后位限定词(序数词、基数词等)之前。如:They want at least double their salaries. 他们想至少要把人为提高一倍。有时可放在 what从句之前。

如:His income is double what it was five years ago. 他的收入是5年前的两倍。(2)用作动词时的用法:double用作动词时,可及物或不及物,意思是“(使)加倍”“对折”。如:The music doubled in volume. 音乐的声音加大了一倍。

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